The actual key? Deliberate Practice:
“We agree that expert performance is qualitatively different from normal performance and even that expert performers have characteristics and abilities that are qualitatively different from or at least outside the range of those of normal adults. However, we deny that these differences are immutable, that is, due to innate talent. Only a few exceptions, most notably height, are genetically prescribed. Instead, we argue that the differences between expert performers and normal adults reflect a life-long period of deliberate effort to improve performance in a specific domain.” (Psychologist K. Anders Ericsson)
- Leveling up in skills links mostly to HOW one practices. Those fluent in a skill tend to break down skills and apply those ideas both in practice and in day-to-day life.
- Skill fluent people also learn to look for immediate feedback or information, adapting quickly.
- Mastering deliberate practice also involves quickly taking on new challenges.
- Malcolm Gladwell adds that dedication to practice and a support system helps. Those who are good at deliberate practice tend to be positioned to do so.